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I’m sorry, but I don’t think I know you. 很搂歉意.我想我不观点你.[松析1]I’m sorry, but

2018年11月30日 - 188金博宝网址

  Unit 16

  Scientist at work

  本单元重心单词

  instructions n.

  指令;训示 safety

  n. 装置然 glove

  n. 顺手套

  accident n. 乱 earring

  n. 耳环 flame

  n. 火焰

  advantage n.

  优点;优势 wheel

  n. 轮;标注的目的盘 engine

  n.伸擎,发宗机

  technology n.

  技术 energy

  n. 能量 nuclear

  n.原儿子

  space n. 高空;当空 economy

  n.经济 conduct

  n. 指点;处理;传带

  lighting n. 闪电 realize

  vt. 观点;观点 attract

  vt. 招伸

  condenser n. 电容器;聚光器 last

  vi. 持续 frame

  n. 框架

  enough adj. 趾够的 control

  n.& vt. 把持 fix

  v. 装置;决定

  fasten vt. 扎(捆) charge

  n.& v. 担负;充电 cross

  n. 杂提交;什字架

  sharp adj. 尖利的

  本单元重心短语

  in one’s opinion 在某甲看到来 a

  waste of … (某方面)的芡费

  make use of 使用 be

  famous for … 因……而著名

  all over 普及 make

  discoveries 发皓

  a number of 壹些 a

  great deal of 微少量;好多

  fasten (tie)… to

  …把……扎(捆)到……下面 protect…

  from …维养护……避免受伤害

  take care 注重;谨慎 stop…from

  doing… 阻挡……不……

  tear down 拆卸掉落 be

  in tears 含着泪花

  end in 以……告终;完一齐 such

  as 如;比如

  at least 到微少;最微少 find

  out 查清楚;弄皓白

  go against 与……对立 be

  made up of 由……结合.

  壹、稀彩回放

  (壹)重心单词

  1.instruction

  【用法】n.指令;训示;说皓

  例1:Just click the

  mouse and you’ll get the instructions you need.

  点击鼠标注,你就会违反掉落你所需寻求的指令。

  例2:Give them your

  instructions and they’ll do the experiment well.

  给他们下臻您的训示吧,他们会做好此雕刻项试验的。

  例3:Read the

  instructions before taking the medicine.

  在服用此药之前,要看壹看说皓。

  【相干链接】

  1) instruct vt.

  教养任命;指点;畅通牒

  例1:Professor Brown

  instructs two classes in physics.

  布匹朗教养任命教养两个班的物理。

  例2:Who’ll instruct

  them to do the experiment ?

  谁将指点他们做此雕刻项试验?

  例3:I’ve been

  instructed that I have to be present at the meeting.

  拥有人畅通牒我,要我列席阿谁会。

  2) instructive adj.

  拥有教养育意思的

  比如:The film is both instructive

  and interesting

  此雕刻部影片既然拥有教养育意思,又诙谐。

  2. Realize

  【用法壹】vt. 观点;观点

  比如:After talking with his

  father, Jack realized that playing too much computer games would do bad to his

  studies.

  经度过与父亲亲的说话后,杰克观点到度过量玩电脑游玩会影响他的念书。

  【用法二】vt. 完成

  比如:By working hard, he realized

  his wishes finally.

  靠竭力妥协,他到底完成了己己己的雄心。

  3.attract

  【用法壹】vt. 招伸

  比如:A magnet attracts iron.

  磁石招伸铁。

  【用法二】vt. 惹宗……剩意

  比如:Her beautiful dress

  attracted many eyes .

  她好斑斓的外面衣招伸了很多眼神物。

  【相干链接】

  1) attraction n.

  招伸力

  例1:The attraction of

  the moon for earth causes the tides.

  月球对地球的招伸力形成了风潮汐。

  例2:Computer games

  have little attractions for my parents .

  电脑游玩对我副亲亲没拥有拥有什么招伸力。

  2) attractive

  adj. 诱人的;拥有招伸力的

  比如:What an attractive price for

  such a nice dress !

  此雕刻么好壹件衣物,却标注出产此雕刻么诱人的低价!

  4.last

  【用法壹】vi. 持续

  例1:The meeting lasted two

  hours.

  会开了两个小时。

  例2:The quarreling

  between the couple lasted quite some time.

  此雕刻对两口儿子口角了好壹阵儿子。

  【用法二】adj. 上壹次的

  比如:He went there last year

  他上年就去了那边。

  【用法叁】

  adv. 最末

  例1:Whoever leaves

  last should turn off the lights.

  谁若最末退去,该当关灯。

  例2:He who laughs ,

  laughs best.

  谁乐到最末,谁乐的最好。

  5.enough

  【用法壹】adj.趾够的

  例1:I have enough

  money to buy a new bicycle.

  我拥有趾够的钱买进壹辆新己行车。

  例2:He has time enough to

  write her essay.

  他拥有趾够的时间去写他的论文。

  剩意:enough 干描绘词时却以置于被修饰的名词前面或前面干定语。

  【用法二】adv. 趾够

  例1:The little boy is not tall

  enough to reach the pear on the tree.

  阿谁小男孩还不够高;他还摘不到树上的阿谁梨。

  例2:The temperature

  is high enough to turn the ice into water.

  此雕刻种温度跑以使冰凌消融成水。

  剩意:当enough 干副词修饰描绘词时,它不得不后置。

  【用法叁】n. 充分;趾够

  例1:Enough has been

  said on this subject .

  关于此雕刻个效实说得够多了。

  例2:They didn’t has

  enough to eat then.

  那时辰他们日吃不打饱嗝男。

  6.charge

  【用法壹】vt. 充电

  比如:The battery has to be

  charged again.

  此雕刻个电瓶又要充电了。

  【用法二】vt.要寻求付款(效力动费)

  比如:The bicycle repairman

  charged me two yuan

  那位修己行车的学徒让我付给他两元钱的补养葺费。

  【用法叁】vt.& vi. 突袭;凶冲

  例1:Our soldiers charged the

  enemy at sunset .

  太阳落地脊时,我军兵士向敌军发宗了攻击。

  例2:The angry man

  charged into the office , shouting at his boss.

  阿谁愤怒的女性冲进办公室,冲他的老板父亲音吼骂宗到来。

  【用法叁】n. 担负。

  例1:Who is charge of

  the project?

  谁担负此雕刻个项目。

  例2:The project is in

  the charge of Professor Lee.

  此雕刻个项目由李教养任命担负。

  7.conduct.

  【用法壹】vt.指点;指伸

  比如:His maid conducted us to the

  door.

  她的女仆把我们领到门口。

  【用法二】vt. (电流动)经度过;传带

  比如:Copper conducts electricity

  better than other materials.

  铜带电较其他物质佳。

  【用法叁】vt.指带;办

  比如:The orchestra is conducted

  by her father.

  此雕刻顶管乐队由她的父亲亲指带。

  【相干链接】

  1)conduction n.

  (暖和、电、水等的)传带

  比如:The conduction of the water

  from the river to the city is excellent.

  从此雕刻条河进入阿谁城市的输水体系情景什分好。

  2)conductor n.

  (火车、汽车上的)收票员

  比如:“Tickets , please. Tickets,” said the

  conductor .

  那位列车验票员说:“请把票拿出产到来,验票啦。”

  8.cross

  【用法壹】n. 什字架;(给错误评定标记的)叉

  例1:The American wear

  a cross around his neck.

  阿谁美国人脖儿子上系着壹个(耶稣受难)什字架。

  例2:I’ve got two crosses in my

  maths exercise book.

  我的数学练习拥有两道题做错了(得了两个叉)。

  【用法二】n. 杂提交种类

  比如:Her pet cat is a cross

  between a white cat and a black one.

  她喂的那条宠物猫是由黑、白两种色不一的猫产下的杂提交种类。

  【用法叁】vt. 左右度过;穿越

  比如:look to either end of the

  street before you cross it .

  左右度过街道前,你要看看街道两端时否拥有车辆(经度过)。

  9.sharp

  【用法壹】adj. 快疾的;聪慧的

  比如:He had sharp eyes and was

  able to tell everything in politics.

  他眼神物快疾,政治水方面洞察秋毫。

  【用法二】adj. 尖利的;尖利的。

  比如:Take care ! The knife is

  sharp.

  剩神物!此雕刻把刀挺尖利的.

  【用法叁】adv. 准点

  比如:The meeting began at 8:00

  sharp.

  会在八点整顿正点末了尾。

  【相干链接】 sharpen vt. 使尖利

  比如:He’s sharpening his pencil.

  他在削铅笔。

  10.Tear

  【用法壹】 vi. 撕

  比如:Take care ! The cloth tears easily.

  剩神物!此雕刻种布匹料很轻善撕破开。

  【用法二】vi. 撕扯;揪(与at包用)

  比如:seeing the box ,Mary tore at the paper around it, eager to see the gift

  in it.

  壹拿到阿谁盒儿子,玛丽就撕多面面的那层包装纸,急着看看盒儿子里装的是什么礼。

  【用法叁】vt. 配;撤摒除(与down包用)

  比如:The workers are tearing down the houses to build a park

  工人们正撤摒除那些陈旧房儿子;建壹个公园。

  【用法四】vt. 撕开;撕裂。

  比如:After reading the letter ,she tore it into pieces.

  读完此雕刻查封信,她就把它撕成了零碎片。

  【相干链接】 tear n. 眼泪

  比如:When she heard the news,

  she burst into tears.

  收听到那音耗时,她的眼泪夺眶而出产。

  (二)要紧词组

  1. in one’s

  opinion

  in one’s opinion 在某甲看到来

  比如:In my opinion ,we should let the children learn to operate computers.

  我认为,我们该当让孩儿子学会操干电脑。

  2. make use of

  make use of 使用

  比如:We should make full (good) use of our limited time .

  我们应当充分(很好地)使用我们拥有限的时间。

  3.a number of

  a number of 很多(后接却数名词)

  比如:A number of students spend

  too much time on computer games.

  拥有很多先生在玩电脑游玩方面花的时间太多了。

  【相干链接】

  1) the number of

  ……的数量(谓语用副数)

  例1:The number of the teachers in my school is 206.

  我校教养员人数是206名。

  例2:What’s the number of the students in you class?

  你班先生人数是好多?

  例3:The number of the workers in the factory is large (small).

  此雕刻家厂儿子的人数真多(微少)。

  剩意:不用many或few 与the number of 架设配。

  2) number of 好多

  比如:Numbers of men in the villages have gone to the front .

  此雕刻些村的好多女性邑上前线去了。

  4.a great deal of

  a great deal of 好多(后接不成名词)

  比如:He found a great deal of water over there.

  他在那边发皓了好多水。

  【相干链接】

  1) a good many 好多(后接却数名词副数)

  比如:There are a good many new houses at the foot of the hill.

  在那地脊根丫儿子下拥有好多新房儿子。

  2) a lot of 好多(后接却数和不成名词)

  例1:There are a lot of mistakes in her homework

  她的干业拥有很多错误

  例2:There is a lot of water in the pail

  水桶外面面拥有好多水

  5.protect…from

  protect …from … 维养护……避免受伤害

  比如:In order to protect the sheep from the snowstorm, he drove them into

  the cave.

  为了不使羊帮遭到急风雪的攻击,他把羊帮赶进了洞壑。

  6. go against

  go against 与……相抗衡;顶牾

  例1:We mustn’t go against nature , or we’ll be punished by it .

  我们绝不能违反父亲天然的法则,不然,我们将为此而遭到父亲天然的惩办。

  例2:In my opinion ,the school rule goes against the law.

  我认为,条校规违反了法度。

  7.Be made up of

  be made up of 由……结合

  比如:Our class committee is made up of seven students.

  我们的班委会由七位先生结合。

  【相干链接】

  1) be made of 由……制成

  比如:The toy car is made of wood.

  此雕刻个玩意男汽车是木头做的。

  2) be made from 由……(提炼)制成

  比如:The famous wine is made from rice and corn.

  此雕刻种名酒是由稻谷和玉米酿制的。

  3) make …into … 把……制成为……

  比如:The workers are making glass into beautiful vases .

  工人们把玻璃制成斑斓的花瓶。

  (叁)难句子剖析

  1.I was beginning

  to think that the experiment would not word.

  我逐步觉得此雕刻种试验行不畅通。

  【松析1】be beginning to +v. 体即兴壹种程度的展开。

  比如:We’re beginning to realize the importance of English.

  我们末了尾观点到了英文的要紧性。

  【松析2】2work vi.拥有效实;宗干用

  比如:I’ve been taking the medicine for days, but it works little.

  我就续几天在服用此雕刻种药,条是不甚收效。

  2.Others followed

  even before the whole string was wet .and I was able to collect and store a

  great deal of electricity into the condenser.

  其他纸鹞也突发了相像情景,甚到是在那根放飞的绳整顿个湿透之前。此雕刻时,我完整顿却以将微少量的电收集儿子并贮放到电容器外面面去。

  【松析】be able to +v. 体即兴“却以”

  比如:The wounded so ldier was able to swim across the river.

  阿谁受伤的兵士到底游度过了河。

  3.What works with

  animals often does not work with humans.

  在栽物身上做试验拥有效,用在人体时却日日拥有效。

  【松析】此雕刻是壹个由What 指伸的主语从句子;同时What 又干从句子的主语。句子谓语是does not work.

  比如:What seems easy for her is usually hard for me.

  壹些在她看到来什分轻善的事情,对我到来说却尽是很难。

  (四) 语法稀讲

  祈使句子和构词法:

  1.念书体即兴给出产“指令”的方法,即“祈使句子”。

  例1:Add some more sugar to my milk ,please.

  请又给我的牛奶加以壹点男糖。

  例2:Go and get today’s newspaper for me.

  去帮我买进壹份皓天的报纸。

  例3:Take care! There comes the car .

  剩神物!汽车到来了。

  例4:Be a good boy , Tom.

  收听从(乖壹点男),汤姆。

  2.念书“构词法”的几种日用方法。

  例1:分松描绘词

  warm-hearted 暖和心肠的

  stone-hearted 铁石心肠的

  Chinese-designed 中国人设计的

  Radio-equipped 装拥有无线电设备的

  Poorly-dressed 衣衫褴褛的

  Air-conditioned 拥有空调设备的

  Peace-loving 酷爱好战斗的

  例2:分松名词

  crossroad 什字路口 someone

  某甲

  handbag 顺手提包 lookout

  剩意

  takeoff 下投降 sightseeing

  旅游不清雅光

  by-product 副产品 get-together

  联乐会

  sun-bathing 日光浴 sleeping-pill

  装置眠药

  例3:分松谓语

  whitewash 粉刷

  blacklist 列入黑名单

  sleepwalk 梦游

  例4:分松副词

  warm-heartedly 暖和心肠 forever

  永久地

  however 条是 moreover

  同时

  whole-heartedly 壹心壹意地

  (五)提寒喧用语

  1.Well , in my

  opinion ,it is a waste of money.

  我认为此雕刻边芡费钱。

  2.Flying is just as

  fast.

  迨飞机条是会快壹些。

  3.It is good for

  the economy.

  此雕刻对经济展开有益。

  4.Add a tail to the

  frame and tie a long string to the cross so you can control the kite.

  给此雕刻个(纸鹞)框架上壹个条巴,然后在此雕刻个框架上的提交叉处系上壹根小长的绳,

  此雕刻么你就却以把持此雕刻个纸鹞了。

  Unit 17

  Famous women

  本单元重心单词

  inspire vt. 鼓励 explain v. 说皓 admire

  v. 羡慕

  smart adj. 愚钝的;时兴的 cheerful adj. 快乐的 general

  adj. 父亲致的;尽的

  hard-working adj. 竭力的

  weak adj. 绵软绵软弱虚绵软弱的;不强大健的 stupid adj. 笨拙的

  dishonest adj. 不老实的 mean

  v.&n. 意味着;方法 tense v 生厌乱

  miserable adj. 却怕的 singer

  n. 歌顺手 actress

  n. 女演员

  champion n. 冠军 alone adj. 孤立的 penguin

  n. 企鹅

  Antarctica n. 南极洲 challenge

  n. 应敌 increase

  v. 增长

  Howling adj. 顶点的;嚷叫的 optimistic adj. 绝望主义的 climate

  n. 气候

  experience n. 阅历;阅历 individual

  adj. 壹团弄体的 bother

  v. 劳动驾

  literature n. 文学 skip

  v. 跳踉 discipline

  n. 纪律

  career n. 简历;生活

  本单元重心短语

  in high position 位置很高 the South Pole南极 the

  North Pole北边极

  polar bear北边极熊 at

  the opposite end of 在……对度过 pull one’s

  sled 弹奏雪橇

  be about do (do )

  正要(做) be just around the corner 就在左近,即不到来临 fall into 掉落人

  in good health 强大健情景良好 stand

  on one’s left leg 用左腿孤立站好 solo travel孤立登临

  blow away 吹奏跑;刮走 knock sb.

  over. 把某甲撞倒腾 refer

  to 所指;参考

  rise to fame 名音父亲振 the

  host of a talk show脱口秀掌管人 so far 到当前为止

  in history 在历史上 fight

  for chances 想法寻摸时间 best

  of luck to you 祝你好运

  without a strong

  plan 没拥有拥有详细的方案always be the very best 尽是做到最好share with与……分享

  壹、稀彩回放

  (壹)重心单词

  1.inspire

  【用法】vt. 鼓励;鼓励

  比如: His deeds greatly inspired his schoolmates

  他的行为极父亲地鼓励了他的同班。

  【相干链接】

  1)inspiring adj. 鼓励人心的

  比如:The speaker’s words were inspiring.

  演讲者的话很具拥有传染力。

  2)inspired. adj. 受到鼓励的

  比如:The inspired soldiers threw their caps into the air,

  shouting,“Long live the

  Public!”

  受到鼓励的兵士将帽儿子抛向空间,父亲音喊着:“共和国万岁!”

  3)inspiration n. 鼓励的人的人或事物

  例1:My father is always an inspiration to me

  父亲亲对我到来说尽是壹个鼓励者

  例2:The motto is an inspiration to many of us.

  此雕刻个“座右铭”关于我们好多人到来说是壹种鼓励。

  2. mean

  【用法壹】adj. 位置卑贱的;出产身贫贱的

  比如:All the maids were mean in Dreams of the Red Chamber

  《红楼梦》中所拥局部丫环邑是位置低微的人

  【用法二】adj. 手紧的

  比如:Her husband is rather mean over money.

  她的爱人对钱相当手紧。

  【用法叁】adj. 褴褛不胜于的

  比如:They used to live in mean house in a mean street.

  他们先前住在壹条拙贱陋街道上的壹幢褴褛不胜于的房儿子里。

  3. tense

  【用法】adj.生厌乱的

  例1:Her legs felt tense after running.

  跑步后,她感触副腿肌肉生厌乱。

  例2:He looks tense with anxiety.

  他因担忧而露得生厌乱。

  例3:The situation became tense suddenly.

  情势壹下儿子变得生厌乱宗到来了。

  【相干链接】

  nervous adj.生厌乱的(条指人的肉体样儿子)

  比如:She felt nervous when asked about that.

  当被讯问到那件事时,她生厌乱宗到来了。

  4. increase

  【用法壹】vt. & vi.增长

  例1:Her absence increased our difficulty in doing the experiment.

  她的列席添加以了我们做此雕刻次试验的难度。

  例2:The number of the students in my class has increased to 58.

  我班先生人数增长到了58位。

  【用法二】nhttp://www.1010jiajiao.com/’inkri:s /增添;添加以

  例1:The population increase makes the government feel hard.

  人的增长让内阁甚感顺顺手。

  例2:We have got a steady increase in production.

  我们的消费在固定步增长。

  【相干链接】

  increasing adj. 时时增长的

  例1:The increasing traffic problems are troubling the city people.

  时时增长的提交畅通效实壹直在困扰着市民。

  例2:The shopkeeper feels happy at the increasing income.

  关于日更加增添的进款,店老板乐开了花。

  5.threaten

  【用法壹】vt.挟持;惊吓

  例1:The boss threatened to dismiss Lucy if she didn’t obey him.

  老板挟持露正西,假设她不收听从,将开摒除她。

  例2:The secretary received a letter threatening to murder the manager.

  秘书收到壹查封信,信中声言要谋杀经纪。

  【用法二】vt.& vi.预示;将要突发

  例1:The gathering black clouds are threatening a storm.

  空间乌云稠密布匹,此雕刻预示着风急要到来了。

  例2:Knowing that a folld threatens, all the villagers are trying hard to

  get everything ready.

  知道壹场洪流动将要到来临,所拥局部村民邑在竭力做好所拥有预备。

  【相干链接】

  1)threat n. 惊吓;挟持

  比如:I’m not afraid of their threat.

  我不畏惧他们的惊吓。

  2)threat n.恶行兆

  比如:There was a threat of rain in the dark sky.

  乌云稠密布匹的空拥有降雨水之兆。

  6.support

  【用法壹】vt.顶持

  比如:We firmly support their struggle for human rights.

  我们坚硬定顶持他们为人权而终止的妥协。

  【用法二】vt.顶顶

  例1:Whales have no strong bones to suport their heavy bodies on land.

  鲸没拥有拥有结实的骨骼在大陆上顶顶其沉重的体。

  例2:The hall is supported by six large columns.

  此雕刻个父亲厅由六根父亲圆柱顶顶着。

  【用法叁】vt.养活

  比如:He has a large family to support.

  他要养活壹家儿子人。

  【用法四】n.顶持

  比如:I hope to have your support in the election.

  我期望在此雕刻次推选中违反掉落你的顶持。

  7.affect

  【用法壹】vt.影响

  例1:Parents’ words and deeds affect their children a lot.

  副亲亲的言行对小孩的影响极父亲。

  例2:Some plants are quickly affected by cold.

  拥有些栽物很快就受到了冰凌凉气候的影响。

  【用法二】vt.感触动;感触动

  比如:The students were much affected by her story.

  同班们被她的遗事深深地感触动了。

  【用法叁】vt.(疾病)传染

  比如:His wound was affected badly.

  他的伤口受到严重的传染。

  (二)要紧词组

  1.lie down

  lie down睡下

  比如:Having done all the housework, she lay down in bed.

  做完所拥局部家政后,她躺在床上休憩了。

  剩意:课文中的On November 12 the storm lay

  down.(什壹月什二日风急停上了。)此雕刻个句子儿子中的lay down是伸申意思。

  2.make a decision

  make a decision 做出产决议

  例1:Finally he made a decision that he would give up the plan.

  他到底做出产决议要僵持方案。

  例2:Children should be encouraged to make their own decisions.

  该当鼓励孩儿子己己己去做出产决议。

  3.go down

  go down(太阳)落地脊

  比如:When the sun is going down, the whole farm looks more beautiful.

  当太阳落地脊时,整顿个农场看宗到来更美了。

  【相干链接】

  1)go down(标价)落了

  比如:The price of beef has gone down finally.

  牛肉的标价到底下投降了。

  2)go down(指大陆、风急)顶消;停歇

  比如:The rough sea finally went down.

  波滔汹涌的洋面尽算装置静上了。

  3)go down 受乐当着

  比如:The film HERO went down well.

  《英公》此雕刻部影片很受不清雅群乐当着。

  4.refer to

  refer to所指;谈及;提及

  例1:I was not referring to her when I said so.

  当我这么说时,我并不是指她。

  例2:The boy you referred to is my seatmate.

  你方才谈到的阿谁男生是我的同桌。

  【相干链接】

  1)refer to 参考;咨询

  比如:While he was writing the essay, he referred to some other books.

  在写那篇论文时,他参考了其他壹些书。

  2)refer … to 把……归于

  比如:He referred his success to his trainer.

  他认为己己己的成应归功于己己己的教养练。

  3)refer … to 将……提提交

  比如:The dispute was referred to the United Nations.

  该项争议已提提交结合国处理。

  (叁)难句子剖析

  1.But changes

  were just around the corner.

  条是情景能天天突发变募化。

  【松析】be around the corner 在此雕刻边是壹种习惯用法,体即兴“即不到来临”。

  比如:Our final test is around the corner.

  我们的期末了测试即不到来临。

  比较:The post office is just around the corner.

  邮局就在转角处。

  2.…and I found myself

  spending a whole day in my tent.

  ……我察觉我在幕里呆了壹整顿天了。

  【松析】find oneself日日体即兴壹种“(拥有意间)观点、发皓……”

  比如:After walking in the dark for about an hour,we found ourselves right at

  the foot of the same mountain.

  在阴暗中中走了条约壹个小时后,忽然间我们发皓己己己又退开了相畅通座地脊的地脊根丫儿子下。

  3.A few days

  later, I was moving forward over a slope that seemed safe when suddenly without

  warning my world dropped out from under my skis.

  几天后,我正舒缓地翻越壹个看到来如同装置然的陡坡时,忽然间,我壹下儿子从滑雪板上掉落落了。

  【松析1】was moving … when … dropped

  out … 若主句子是度过去终止时,而从句子(由when指伸)是普经度过去时,此雕刻个从句子举止体即兴壹种“很忽然”、“不曾意想”的含义。

  比如:We were having a meeting when the power went out.

  我们正闭会,忽然停电了。

  【松析2】move over a slope 翻度过壹处歪坡。

  Over prep.翻越;跃度过

  比如:The athlete sprang over all the fences neatly.

  阿谁运鼓触动什分拖弹奏地跨度过了所拥局部栏。

  【松析3】without warning my world在毫无预备的情景下

  【松析4】from under …从……下方,介词from日却与其他介词包用。

  比如:Soon the moon came out from behind the clouds.

  不比会男月明又从云层前面露露了脸男。

  4.She has helped

  thousands of men and women come to terms with things that bother and that they

  could not talk about with others.

  她僚佐了数以仟计的人们妥善地处理好那些困扰他们的闲事的事情,而此雕刻又邑是壹些令他们无法与人家展齿扳谈的事。

  【松析】come to terms with …与……和好;句子中that bother them与前面的and that they … 是两个定语从句子,区别修饰things。

  5.Being black and

  a woman made life even more difficult in America at that time.

  身为黑人,更是女性,在阿谁时间的美国,她的生活更困苦。

  【松析】Being black and a woman是触动名词干主语。

  比如:Being a League member, you should set a good example to others.

  干为壹名共青团弄员,你该当给人家确立壹个好榜样。(此处Being …为状语,当今分词)

  (四)语法稀讲

  主语和谓语的不符:

  1.谓语触动词在数上必须与主语僵持不符。

  例1:The answer to this question is very simple.

  此雕刻个效实的恢复案什分骈杂。

  例2:The details of this story are easy for you to remember.

  此雕刻个穿扦的底细你很轻善记。

  例3:Such was Einstein, the great scientist.

  伟父亲的迷信家酷爱因斯坦坚硬是如此。

  例4:Suc are my parents, kind and strict.

  此雕刻坚硬是我的副亲亲,既然慈爱又严峻。

  例5:Between the two countries lie five big lakes.

  两国之间拥有五个父亲湖。

  例6:Around the corner came a car.

  壹辆汽车从拐角处开了度过去。

  2.当主语表臻壹个笼统概念时,谓语触动词用副数体即兴。

  例1:To answer such a question is really difficult.

  回恢复此雕刻么壹个效端的难。

  例2:Playing basketball is good for your health.

  打篮球对你的强大健拥有利。

  例3:That our teacher is going to leave us makes us disappointed.

  我们的教养员要瓜分我们,此雕刻使我们很绝望。

  3.当两个或多个名词用and一视同仁衔接的时分,谓语触动词壹段要用副数方法。

  例1:A pen and a pencil are in my pencil-box.

  我的文具盒里拥有壹顶钢笔和壹顶铅笔。

  例2:To increase the production and to reduce the cost are very important to

  us.

  增产节顶对我们什分要紧。

  但假设两个或几个名词指的是相畅通事物或人时,谓语触动词用副数方法。

  例1:The teacher and writer is respected by all the people.

  那位既然是教养员又是干家的人受到父亲家的酷爱崇。

  例2:Ploughing the field and sowing seeds is the first thing we should do

  right now.

  耕地收成是我们当今该做的头壹件事。

  4.假设主语是副数,前面跟拥有as well as, with, like,

  except, but, besides等惹宗的短语时,谓语触动词依然用副数方法;也坚硬是说,介词短语不能被看干主语的壹派断。

  例1:Everyone except Micky is in the classroom.

  摒除了米零数以外面,其人家邑在教养室里。

  例2:Frank as well as Green and Sandy has been to Beijing.

  弗兰克、格林和桑迪邑到度过北边京。

  例3:Ann with her son and her daughter was in New York last Christmas.

  上年圣诞节装置和她的女男在扣儿条约。

  例4:French besides English and German is taught in our school.

  摒除了英语和道德语外面,我们校也开办法语课程。

  例5:Charlie, like all his friends, is fond of music.

  查理和他所拥局部对象壹样,喜乐音乐。

  5.each和由some, any, no, every结合的分松词,邑干副数对待。

  例1:Each of them has got a PC.

  他们每人邑拥有壹台团弄体电脑。

  例2:Someone is calling for you on the phone.

  拥有人打电话找你。

  例3:Nothing is to be done.

  什么也没拥有法做。

  6.what,who,which,any,more,most,all等代词却以是副数,也却以是副数,由语义决议。

  例1:Which is your book? 哪本是你们的书?

  例2:Which are your books? 哪些是你的书?

  例3:Here is some more paper.此雕刻边还拥有壹些纸。

  例4:Here are some more pens.此雕刻边还拥有壹些笔。

  例5:Are any of you doctors? 你们中拥有人是医生吗?

  例6:Is any of you from Shenzhen?

  你们中拥有人到来己深圳吗?

  例7:Those who are against the plan can leave.

  顶持此雕刻项方案的人却以瓜分。

  例8:Anyone who is interested in it can go with us.

  对此雕刻事感志趣的人却以跟我们去。

  7.none却干副数对待,也却干副数对待;但干副数对待时多,首要看说话人的观点。佩的,none of前面若接不成名词,不得不视为副数。

  例1:She looked for some cake, but there was none left.

  她找些蛋糕,但蛋糕壹点也没拥有剩。

  例2:None of this money is mine.

  此雕刻笔钱没拥有拥有壹点是我的。

  例3:None of them have come back yet.

  他们中谁也没拥有到来。

  例4:They say they like it, but none of them has gone to the cinema.

  他们邑说喜乐此雕刻影片,但谁也没拥有去看。

  8.neither和either干主语时,畅通日干副数对待。

  例1:Neither of them was from Australia.

  他们俩邑不是到来己澳父亲利亚。

  例2:Either of the boys likes singing.

  此雕刻两个男孩邑喜乐歌歌。

  9.people(人们),police(缓急察),cattle(牛帮),crowd(人帮)等词是团弄体名词,普畅通为副数概念。

  例1:The eattle have eaten up all the grass here and have to move to another

  place.

  牛帮吃光了此雕刻边所拥局部草,不得不迁移徙他处了。

  例2:The police keep the city in good order.

  缓急察维养护了此雕刻座城市的良好次第。

  例3:People in this village are living a rich life.

  此雕刻个村落里的人生活很负拥有。

  10.class,family,school等词却以被看干副数概念,也却以被看干副数概念,取决于说话人的语义。

  例1:Our class is Class 3.

  我们班是第叁班。(副数)

  例2:Our class are playing on the playground.

  我们班所拥有同班邑在操场上玩。(副数)

  例3:His family is a very big

  one.

  他的家庭是个小家庭。(副数)

  例4:The family are at table now.

  此雕刻家人正吃米饭。(副数)

  11.体即兴时间、分量、距退、长度、价等的名词固然是副数名词,但假设用于表臻壹个所拥有概念,应干为副数对待。

  例1:Three thousand kilometers is a long distance.

  3000公里是段很长的距退。

  例2:Two months is long enough.

  两个月的时间够长了。

  例3:Thirty tons of steel has been shipped to their factory.

  30吨钢材运到了他们厂儿子。

  12.以下是几种谓语触动词与挨近主语不符的情景。

  1)由neither … nor …或either … or …衔接两个主语时,谓语触动词与跟它最挨近的主语不符。

  比如:Neither you nor your brother has been there.

  你和你弟弟邑没拥有去度过那边。

  Is either Tom or

  his brothers to answer for this?

  汤姆或是他的兄长弟们要对此雕刻事担负吗?

  2)句子儿子由there, here和where惹宗,而主语不止壹个时,谓语也畅通日跟它与最挨近的主语不符。

  比如:There is a book and two letters in the bag.

  包里拥有壹本书和两查封信。

  Here comes an old

  lady and two girls.

  走度过去了壹位老妇人和两位姑娘。

  Where is your

  wife and children when you stay here?

  你在此雕刻边时,你的妇人和孩儿子们在哪男?但拥偶然情景也拥有例外面,比如:

  There are one or

  two cases like that.

  拥有壹两个此雕刻类情景。

  Here are my

  passport and papers.

  此雕刻边是我的养护照和文件。

  13.假设主语由“the+描绘词”担负时,根据意思不符的绳墨决定谓语触动词的单副数。

  例1:In our country, the old are taken good care of.

  在我们国度,白叟们邑违反掉落很好的照顾。(副数:所拥有白叟)

  例2:After the battle, the

  wounded were taken to a hospital.

  战斗完一齐后,伤员被递送到了防治所。(副数:所拥有伤员)

  例3:The older of the two is

  Simon’s uncle.

  两人盛年岁较父亲些的那壹位是正西蒙的叔叔。(副数:两人中的壹个)

  例4:The dead, who was a stranger, was buried yesterday.

  死者是位陌生人,昨天被装置葬了。(副数)

  14.假设主语由this(a)kind of, this(a)sort of, this(a)type of后接名词结合时,谓语触动词用副数。

  例1:A kind of new dictionary is on sale in our boo-kstore.

  我们书店正出产特价而沽壹种新词典。

  例2:This sort of apples tastes sweet.

  此雕刻种苹实很香甜。

  例3:This type of cars is produced in our factory.

  此雕刻种型号的汽车是我们厂儿子消费的。

  15.假设主语由these kinds of等后接副数名词结合时,谓语触动词用副数。

  比如:These kinds of tests are good.

  此雕刻种测试拥有利处。

  (五)提寒喧用语

  1.――Is she

  Chinese?

  ――她是中国人吗?

  ――Yes, she is.

  ――是的,她是。

  2.――Is she a

  famous singer?

  ――她是壹位名歌顺手吗?

  ――不,她不是。

  3.――What is

  everybody doing here?

  ――你们父亲家在此雕刻边干什么呀?

  ――We’re preparing

  for a party.

  4.――Will anybody

  be free tomorrow?

  ――谁皓天会得余闲吗?

  ――yes, if I

  finish the work today.

  ――假设我皓天做完事此雕刻活男,我皓天就余闲了。

  Unit 18

  New Zealand

  本单元重心单词

  description n. 描绘 region n. 地区 surround v. 盘绕

  climate n. 气候 subtropical n. 亚暖和带 volcano n. 火地脊

  narrow adj. 小小的 sign v. & n. 签名;迹象 celebrate v. 道贺

  temperature n. 温度 symbol n. 意味 desert n. 漠

  quality n. 品质

  本单元重心短语

  lie to 位于…… be

  made up of 由……结合 be

  surrounded by 被……盘绕

  be famous for 因……著名 such

  as 比如 take

  possession of 拥拥有……

  refer to 参考;所指 in

  relation to 与……拥关于 be

  marked with 标注拥有……记号

  compare…to…把……比干 stand

  for 代表 make

  up 占据当空

  plenty of 微少量;好多 be

  native to 原产于…… be

  careful in (在某方面)细心

  prepare for … 为……干预备

  壹、稀彩回放

  (壹)重心单词

  1.water

  【用法壹】n. [U]水

  比如:Canada has one third of the world’s supply of fresh water.

  加以拿父亲拥拥有世界海水供应量的叁分之壹。

  【用法二】n. (日用副数)父亲片的水,(江、湖、池、海等)水体,水域

  比如:the waters of the lake 湖中的水

  the upper waters

  of the Yangtze 长江下流

  【用法叁】v. 使湿,在……上洒/浇水,灌溉

  比如:Dry lands have been watered.

  蔫干燥的土地违反掉落灌溉。

  【用法四】adj. 水的,用水的,水生的。

  比如:water sports 水上运触动

  water plants 水生栽物

  2.lie

  【用法壹】vi. 平躺(不规则触动词,其度过去式、度过去分词为lay,lain)

  比如:lie on one’s back/side仰/侧卧

  【用法二】v. 展即兴,伸展

  比如:A bright future lies ahead.

  出产路是阴暗中的。

  【用法叁】v. 位于

  例1:London lies on the River Thames.

  伦敦位于泰晤士河畔。

  例2:There lies a temple at the foot of the mountain.

  地脊根丫儿子下拥有壹座庙。

  【用法四】v. & n. 说谎(规则触动词)

  例1:You are lying to him!

  你在对他说谎!

  例2:They said she told lies to everyone.

  他们说她对任何人邑说谎。

  【相干链接】

  1)lie down 睡下

  比如:Go and lie down for a while.

  去躺壹会男。

  2)lie in 在于

  比如:The answer lies in two facts.

  恢复案在于两个雄心。

  3)lie on 依顶赖,压榨,取决于

  比如:It lies on us to accomplish the task.

  完成此雕刻项工干是我们的责。

  4)lie up 卧床休憩

  比如:You’d better lie up for a few more days.

  你最好又多休憩几天。

  5)lie拥偶然前面跟描绘词,体即兴所处样儿子。

  比如:The book lay open on the table.

  那本书翻开着,放在桌儿子上。

  【相干链接2】

  1)lay v. (laid,laid)放、搁;产卵、下蛋

  例1:He laid the book

  on the table and left.

  他把书放在桌上就走了。

  例2:The hens lay ten

  eggs every day.

  此雕刻些母亲鸡每天下什个蛋。

  2)liar n. 扯白者

  比如:A liar is not

  believed when he tells the truth.

  说揪容僭言的人说真心话时也没拥有拥有人会置信。

  3.run

  【用法壹】v. 跑,奔,跑跑

  例1:I ran as quickly as I could.

  我合并命地跑。

  例2:The enemy ran away. 对象跑脱了。

  例3:We ran to his aid. 我们跑去帮他。

  【用法二】v. 竞赛,竞选

  例1:run for Congress 参加以国会员竞选

  例2:run for mayor 竞选市长

  【用法叁】v. (机具)运转

  比如:The engine runs perfectly well.

  此雕刻台发宗机运转什分良好。

  【用法四】v. 流动淌,滴

  例1:The river runs thick.

  水流动浑浊。

  例2:The child’s nose is running.

  孩儿子在流动鼻涕。

  【用法五】v. 变得

  比如:The little pond has run dry.

  阿谁小池儿子干蔫。

  【用法六】v. (车辆)行驶

  例1:The buses run until twelve.

  公共汽车12点收班。

  例2:Are there any trains running to Sichuan from here?

  从此雕刻边到四川拥有火车吗?

  【用法七】v. (路途)延伸,就续

  比如:The street runs from south to north.

  此雕刻条街是南北边向的。

  【用法八】v. 经纪,办

  比如:They run most of the stores here.

  他们办着此雕刻边的全片断铺儿子。

  【用法九】v. (色)落色

  比如:When I washed the blouse, the color ran.

  我洗此雕刻件衬衫,褪了色。

  【相干链接1】

  1)run after 追逐,追寻求

  比如:If you run after

  two hares, you will catch neither.

  不能脚丫儿子踏两条船。

  2)run away from 从……跑掉落;规避免

  比如:He ran away from

  school. 他跑学了。

  3)run out (某物)被用完

  比如:We decided it

  would be best to go home before our money ran out.

  我们认为最好在把钱用完之前回家。

  4)run out of 用完(某物)

  比如:We ran out of

  coal, and had to burn wood.

  我们用完事煤,条好烧木柴。

  5)run into 拥有意间碰到,和……相撞

  比如:I ran into him

  now and then.

  我时时碰见他。

  【相干链接2】

  runner 赛跑的人

  runway跑道

  4.some

  【用法壹】adj. 壹些,若干,几个(却以修饰却数名词和不成名词)

  例1:Please bring some coffee without sugar.

  请到来点男不加以糖的咖啡。

  例2:Ask some boys to help you.

  叫几个男孩帮帮你。

  【用法二】adj. (修饰副数名词)某个(人或物)=a certain

  例1:There must be some mistake.

  准是出产了什么疏违反。

  例2:I suggested to Red that we should go to some hotel.

  我向瑞得建议我们该去找个店。

  【用法叁】pron. 壹些

  比如:Some of the trees can be cut each year for firewood.

  壹些树每年却以被砍干柴火。

  【用法四】adv. 父亲条约,与about同义

  比如:It happened some thirty years ago.

  此雕刻件事父亲条约突发在叁什年前。

  【相干链接1】

  some more 又到来壹点,更多

  【相干链接2】

  somebody/someone 某甲,拥有人

  something 某事,某物

  sometimes 拥偶然

  somewhere 在某处

  5.surprising

  【用法】adj. 令人零数怪的

  例1:What you have just told me is very surprising.

  你方才畅通牒我的事真让人震惊。

  例2:Is there anything surprising about it? I don’t think so.

  拥关于此雕刻事拥有什么让人震惊的?我认为没拥有拥有。

  【相干链接】

  surprising和surprised的区佩:surprising和surprised邑是由surprise派生到来的描绘词,但surprised是“震惊的”,“感触零数怪的”。

  比如:He didn’t notice the surprised look on her face.

  他没拥有拥有剩意到她脸上震惊的神物情。

  6.shock

  【用法壹】v. 使震惊

  比如:He was shocked at her smoking.=Her smoking shocked him.

  她吧嗒烟使他震惊。

  【用法二】v. 使触电

  比如:He got shocked when he touched the wire.

  他壹摸电线就触电了。

  【用法叁】n. [C]震触动,冲锋

  例1:Three shocks of the earthquakes were felt last night.

  昨深觉违反掉落叁次地动。

  例2:The news was a great shock to Marie.

  阿谁音耗给了玛丽很父亲的震撼。

  【相干链接】

  shocking adj. 令人震惊的

  7.majority

  【用法】n. 父亲微少半(日和the包用)

  比如:The majority of people in the town want to encourage new industry in

  the areA.

  城里的父亲微少半人想在该地区鼓励新工业的展开。

  剩意:majority 干主语时,谓语触动词却以是副数,也却以是副数,其反义词是minority。

  8.share

  【用法壹】v. 合用,分享

  例1:We share a small room between us.

  我们俩共用壹个小房间。

  例2:She never shared any of her husband’s worries.

  她从不分派爱人的任何忧虑。

  【用法二】v. 分派,分

  例3:Mother is sharing the cakes to make sure that every boy gets some.

  母亲亲正分蛋糕,确保每个男孩邑吃到壹些。

  【用法二】n. 分得的壹份,承诺言受的壹份

  例1:You have had more than your share of this apple-pie.

  你吃的苹实派比你应得的分量多。

  例2:You must take your share of the blame.

  你必须接受批。

  【相干链接】

  take one’s share 尽己己己的壹份责

  9.ship

  【用法壹】n. 父亲船

  比如:They are making a ship.

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